Git Tips, Tricks and Notes

Find all commits that added/deleted the given string

$ git log -p -S 'api_key =' --source --all

Source: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/5816134/finding-a-git-commit-that-introduced-a-string-in-any-branch


Find all commits that added/deleted the given string, excluding the specified directories

$ git log -p -S some_method -- . ":(exclude)vendor/*"

Get the git blame of the previous commit for a given line

# git blame -L{LINE_NUMBER},+{CONTEXT} SHA^ -- {FILE_PATH}
$ git blame -L165,+1 5c2eb904^ -- app/models/public_body.rb

Source: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/5098256/git-blame-prior-commits


Run specs on each commit of a branch

$ git rev-list --reverse develop..feature_x | while read rev; do git co $rev && git clean -fd && bin/rspec; done; git co feature_x 

Source: https://www.destroyallsoftware.com/screencasts/catalog/source-code-history-integrity


Show which files have been changed between two branches in a given directory

$ git diff --name-status master..release/0.22 app/views/

Show commits in current branch not in master

$ git log --cherry-pick --topo-order --reverse master...

Source: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/53569/how-to-get-the-changes-on-a-branch-in-git


Show commits in the current branch that modify a given file

# Assuming you're on a feature branch created from master
$ git log --follow master.. -- path/to/file